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= = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = default setting [value] - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - setting, required, is one of debug, delay, display, list, password, user value, if specified, is the value assigned to the setting = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = The default command can be used to change the value of one of the following six settings. debug - The amount of diagnostic information recorded about a command. delay - The length of time a command is delayed. display - How the results of a command are presented. list - The name of a mailing list. password - An administrative or personal Majordomo password. user - The e-mail address of the person on whose behalf a command is made. Each setting is described in more detail later in this document. The biggest benefit of the default command is that it can save you a lot of typing. For example, if you use the "default list" command at the beginning of an e-mail message to identify your mailing list, you will not need to type your list's name repeatedly if you issue several commands for the list. The default command is only used by the e-mail and mj_shell interfaces. It has no effect upon the web interfaces. The "default debug" and "default display" commands are only relevant to the mj_shell interface. They are not recognized by the e-mail command parser. See "help mj_shell" for more information about the mj_shell program. default debug LEVEL ------------------- The "default debug" command can be used to change the amount of diagnostic information that is displayed during an mj_shell session. The information is sent to STDERR, so by default it will appear on your screen if you are using the mj_shell program interactively. By default, the debug level is zero. If you set it to 1000 or higher, all of the information that is available will be displayed. See "help configset_debug" for more information on debug levels. default delay TIMESPAN ---------------------- This command causes each succeeding command to be delayed, then run automatically at some later time by the mj_trigger program. See the "Time spans" section of "help times" for a description of how to specify time spans. See "help mj_trigger" and "help configset_triggers" for more information about triggers. For example, the following command: default delay 3h would cause all subsequent commands to be delayed by three hours. If the timespan is simply a number, it is assumed to be a number of seconds. For example, the following command: default delay 30 would delay all subsequent commands by 30 seconds. Delays may only be used by list administrators. See "help delay" for more information about delays. default display PROGRAM ----------------------- With the mj_shell program, when you type a command, sometimes the results occupy more than one page on your screen. The default display command makes the results easier to read. There are two programs supported, pager and editor. The pager program, usually "more" or "less," is taken from the PAGER environment variable. After you finish reading the output and quit the pager, you will return to the mj_shell command line and have the opportunity to type more commands. The editor program, such as "emacs," "vi," or "pico," is taken from the EDITOR or VISUAL environment variable. After you finish editing the output of the commands, the mj_shell program will read the edited output and attempt to issue any commands it contains. For example, if you would like to remove some addresses that have been experiencing delivery failures, you could use these two commands: default display editor who-bounces LISTNAME where LISTNAME is the name of your mailing list. With the editor, you could then add unsubscribe commands to the output and remove several addresses at once. To turn off the editor or pager feature, use this command: default display If the mj_shell program is run with the "-P" option, the pager will be turned on immediately. default list LISTNAME --------------------- Setting a default list makes it unnecessary to type the list name in any succeeding commands which require a list name (except the createlist command). For example, if you manage a list called "clarinet," the following commands could be used to remove email@example.com from, and add firstname.lastname@example.org to, your list: default list clarinet unsubscribe email@example.com subscribe firstname.lastname@example.org If you not want a default list, use the following command: default list default password PASSWORD ------------------------- When you use the "default password" command in an e-mail message or mj_shell session, that password will automatically be applied to each succeeding command. This is much easier than using the "approve" command to indicate the password for each command. For example, the following two sets of commands are equivalent: approve MYPASSWORD subscribe clarinet approve MYPASSWORD subscribe hautbois default password MYPASSWORD subscribe clarinet subscribe hautbois The second approach can save some typing if you want to issue several commands. default user ADDRESS -------------------- The "default user" command can be used to change the e-mail address on whose behalf a command is issued. The ADDRESS is a regular email address, optionally containing comments, for example: default user email@example.com default user Joe Blow <firstname.lastname@example.org> default user email@example.com (Joe Blow) In an e-mail message, the user's address is taken from the "From:" header of the message. In an mj_shell session, the user's address is usually determined by the system login name of the person who is running the program. When a "default user" command is in effect, the command parser will act as if the user address in the command had issued any subsequent commands. To return the user address to its original value, use the following command: default user In the e-mail interface, the "default user" command can be used to send the results of a command to another person. For example, if you use the following two commands: default user firstname.lastname@example.org faq trumpet the FAQ for the trumpet list will be mailed to email@example.com. The message that is sent to Jane will have your e-mail address in the "From:" header. This feature does not apply to the mj_shell interface in interactive mode, but it does apply if mj_shell is run with the "-F" switch, and reads commands from a file. The following two sets of commands are equivalent: subscribe clarinet Joe Blow <firstname.lastname@example.org> subscribe hautbois Joe Blow <email@example.com> default user Joe Blow <firstname.lastname@example.org> subscribe clarinet subscribe hautbois The second approach can save some typing if you plan to issue several commands for a single address. Some Majordomo commands require more than one e-mail address, in which case the "default user" command must be used to specify the second address. For example, the following two commands: default user email@example.com changeaddr firstname.lastname@example.org will move all of the subscriptions of email@example.com to firstname.lastname@example.org. In another example, the following two commands: default user email@example.com alias firstname.lastname@example.org will cause the address email@example.com to become an alias for the address firstname.lastname@example.org. Administrators can prevent the results from being mailed using the "nomessage" command mode. For example, the result of an e-mail message containing the following commands: default user email@example.com alias-nomessage firstname.lastname@example.org would not be mailed to email@example.com, but would instead be sent to the person who issued the commands. An administrative password is required to use "nomessage" mode. Using list admin credentials for GLOBAL commands (advanced topic) ----------------------------------------------------------------- Majordomo supports several commands which are GLOBAL in scope, and usually require the authority of a domain or site manager to execute without confirmation. These commands include the alias, changeaddr, createlist, password, register, rekey, unalias, and unregister commands. If you are a list administrator, you can indicate your credentials using the "default list" and "default password" commands: default list YOURLIST default password YOURPASSWORD Usually, these credentials have no impact upon GLOBAL commands. However, a domain or site administrator could change the GLOBAL access rules to allow list administrators to run GLOBAL commands, using the list_password access variable. For example, the following GLOBAL access rule: alias allow $list_password would allow all list administrators to use the alias command to create aliases for their subscribers. In that case, the following commands would be needed for list administrators to create an alias: default list LISTNAME default password ADMIN_PASSWORD default user OLD_ADDRESS alias NEW_ADDRESS (Another, more secure, option is to define a GLOBAL password for the alias command and to distribute it to list administrators who need it. See "help configset_passwords" for more details.) See Also: help access_variables help admin_passwords help alias help approve help changeaddr help configset_access_password_override help configset_access_rules help configset_passwords help configset_triggers help delay help mj_shell help password help unalias This is the "default" help document for Majordomo 2, version 0.1201103110. For a list of all help documents, send the following command: help topics in the body of a message to firstname.lastname@example.org.
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